Philosophy: The prime mover of the Cosmos?


Defining terms:
Cosmology: What ignited and drives the cosmic order?
Prime Mover: The Aristotelian term for the unknown hypothesized entity/dynamic at the core of cosmology. Note that in Aristotelian philosophy the Prime Mover, the primum movens, is unchanging as it transforms the cosmos.

Yeshiva-educated and Harvard-educated maverick conceptual theorist and cosmologist David Birnbaum of Manhattan is the ultimate thorn in the side of academic cosmology. Birnbaum paternalistically admonishes the stellar lights of academe that they have been ‘trying too hard’ for the past 700 or so years since the inception of the Renaissance; Birnbaum castigates them for trying to find a mechanistic physics equation to so to speak crack the cosmic code. Birnbaum admonishes the establishment crew to ‘keep it conceptual – and keep it simple’ if they want to understand our complex universe.

Birnbaum maintains that the cosmos – and in parallel, the individual human – is too complex, too rich, too wondrous, too spiritually-friendly, too sophisticated, and indeed, even too cunning – to be the result of a dry and lifeless classic physics equation. Indeed, Birnbaum will proffer a quite-concise equation – and relatively simple concept – to crack the code; however, it will be a dynamic and organic conceptual equation – and an infinitely telescoping concept – the likes of which has never been entertained in academe. [see]

Birnbaum has been stalking the cosmic code since he was a youngster. He does not believe that the Prime Mover of the cosmic order is an entity; rather, Birnbaum believes that the Prime Mover of the cosmic order is an infinitely multi-faceted multidimensional dynamic; and, parting-ways with Aristotle, per Birnbaum the Prime Mover is itself constantly in flux/growth/advance. Thus, in contradistinction to Aristotle’s Unmoved Mover, Birnbaum’s dynamic is an Eternally Moving Mover.

To crack the cosmic code, Birnbaum vectors onto a rich and unique concept/dynamic – as opposed to a dry mechanistic equation – as the Prime Mover. Per Birnbaum, this Prime Mover is what Birnbaum elucidates as – Infinite Quest for Potential (per his Potentialism Theory aka Quest for Potential∞ Theory aka Q4P-Theory). Again per Birnbaum Infinite Quest for Potential (a Birnbaumian-hypothesized and coined term) drives the entire universe – and all its component parts – ever onward and forward.

To where? Towards ever-fuller realization/optimization of Potential. Birnbaum labels this cosmic ‘end-goal’ as Extraordinariation (or E+ for short). Extraordinariation (E+) is the goal/horizon for the realization of fullest Potential across the spectrum of the cosmic order. Meaning, E+ is the most complex/sophisticated/rich/integrated/diversified/wondrous expression of a range/panoply of all possible potentials. Birnbaum thus erects a very, very ‘high bar’ for the ultimate cosmic goal; but, then again, a great cosmic order needs a great goal.

So, does Birnbaum indeed have a super-rich, unique equation for his ostensibly conceptually rich schema? Here it is:

the Birnbaum-hypothesized core cosmic equation:
Q4P∞ > E+

Quest for Potential∞ > Extraordinariation

The eternal and core overarching dynamic of the cosmic order – Quest for Potential∞ – inexorably quests after Extraordinariation – the idealized panoply of maximal potential.

1. Does the equation work no matter where in cosmic history we deploy it?
2. Does the equation work no matter on which level, macro > micro, we deploy it?
3. Does the equation capture the maximum data in the most concise equation?
4. Does the equation field all challenge?
5. Does the equation handle absolutely all known data?
6. Is the construct aesthetically elegant?

To the incredulity of academe, the answer to all six key questions just-noted is apparently ‘yes’.

Next series of questions:
Can Summa Theory accommodate potential God?
Can Summa Theory be viewed through a non-theistic but spiritual lens?
Can Summa Theory be viewed through a totally secular lens – with no theology or spirituality in-the-mix?

The answer to all three questions just-noted is also ‘yes’; Birnbaum respectively focuses the three volumes of his series on each approach/motif. See Summa I: Religious Man (Ktav Publishing, 1988); Summa II: Spiritual Man (New Paradigm Matrix, 2005); Summa III: Secular Man (New Paradigm Matrix, 2014).

Does Summa Theory unify Religion, Philosophy and Science?

This may not have been the author’s initial prime objective, but this unification is, indeed, very clearly the result. Per Birnbaum’s three volume work, no matter which lens/motif you view the cosmos through – Religious, Spiritual or Secular – or a combination thereof – Potential is the ultimate core theme/dynamic. Per Birnbaum’s three volume work, the core question at the guts of the three great fields of study, Religion, Philosophy and Science – What is ultimately at the core of the cosmic order? – is simultaneously answered by his core theme of Infinite Potential. [see]

Infinite Potential is so to speak, the root: the Common Denominator of the cosmic order; [see] Quest for Potential∞ is operational on all levels, from super-macro thru super-micro: from the largest overarching galactic cluster level – through the smallest sub-atomic level. From Einsteinian physics thru Quantum physics.

Potential is not (currently) visible and not (currently) measure-able, but it thoroughly permeates the cosmic order. This truism manifests both across cosmic history and on a daily basis. ‘Hiding in plain sight,’ infinite Potential drives all forward.

According to Birnbaum, ‘by definition’ only the dynamic of potential/possibility can legitimately be hypothesized as being eternal; [see] indeed, according to the author, it is ‘self-evident’ that potential/possibility is eternal; and, again according to the author, any cosmology construct must consequently inevitably employ potential/possibility as a core motif, if not as its very core motif.

At the same time, potential/possibility is flexible enough to quite-elegantly simultaneously be deployed as the central motif – and, indeed, goal – of any of these classic constructs, whether in a theistic, spiritual or secular cosmology. To simplify the possible constructs: from a theistic perspective – Holy Potential is at the core of the Divine; through a spiritual lens, infinite potential – a spiritual dynamic – overarches the cosmic order; from a secular perspective, the natural dynamic Quest for Potential is the driver of the cosmic order. [see]

The author is clear, however, that the reality of the cosmos is unclear – to the effect as to which of these three motifs – theistic, spiritual, secular – is exclusive or dominant at any given point in time; nor, according to the author, is it necessary to definitively delineate the exclusive or dominant cosmic motif, as there is ample metaphysical room to accommodate any combination of these key motifs.

Thus, potential/possibility is the ultimate ‘fount’ of the universe; and, essentially, ‘All roads lead to Rome’-or, more precisely here – ‘All roads lead to Potential’; [see] that is, all these three key metaphysical motifs – Religion, Spirituality and Secularism – inexorably vector towards potential/possibility as the very core fount of the construct. Potential/possibility is the common ‘nexus point’; meaning, the motifs of Religion, Spirituality and Secularism all unify back at their very core – at the eternal origins ‘nexus point.’ [see]

David Birnbaum’s Potentialism Theory (aka Quest for Potential∞ Theory aka Q4P-Theory), Theory of Potential/Quest for Potential∞ conceptually elegantly unifies Religion, Spirituality and Secularism at their respective cores; in doing so, the author also simultaneously unifies the three great fields – Religion, Philosophy & Science.

Birnbaum’s core dynamic of infinite quest for potential is an elegant core ‘conceptual plug’ across the belief spectrums Religion, Spirituality and Secularism and then again across the Religion-Philosophy-Science metaphysics spectrum. Meaning, the central concept of Potential motif not only works as a satisfying central and crucial conceptual finesse in the belief systems, it also formally works in the related formal metaphysics systems. [see]

Quest for potential∞: A concise and simple (albeit profound) idea – for an extraordinary (and profound) universe. [see]

Recent hi-level academic works dovetailing with Birnbaum’s Theory of Potential include the following:
Programming the Universe (Knopf, 2006) by Professor of Quantum Mechanics Seth Lloyd of MIT;
Mind & Cosmos (Oxford University Press, 2012) by Professor of Philosophy & Law Thomas Nagel of NYU;
Our Mathematical Universe (Knopf, 2014) by Professor of Physics Max Tegmark of MIT.
[see and]

Global finance and security



Protection of one’s financial state for obvious reasons carries great significance. Whether you’re an investor or not you want peace of mind that your financial endeavors and transactions are safe and secure. Financial security and confidentiality is what keeps the bond of trust between banks and their various customers and an established system of financial exchange. Worldwide frameworks of binding legal agreements, institutions, and economic actors are what keep an international flow. This financial capital is what is necessary for investment and trading. More often than not this can prove to be rather vexing and difficult to keep track of. Fortunately there are applications and methods in place that allow individuals to see and take account for all their financial information.

Financial integrity plays an integral role in any financial agreement or exchange and must be respected before individuals can carry through any form of investment or transaction. While this is generally expected it isn’t always necessarily assured. Financial issues and complications with large scale establishments such as banks can create distrust and chaos that is ultimately restricting. This is why laws and regulations in place need to constantly be scrutinized and further developed. This helps ensure curtailing the illicit financial flow by means of a watchful government, pragmatic policy, and further financial advising. Illicit financial flows or IFFs are “illegal movements of money or capital from one country to another. GFI classifies this movement as an illicit flow when the funds are illegally earned, transferred or utilized.” There are a wide range of examples including straight forward scenarios such as a drug cartel using trade-based money laundering techniques to mix legal money from the sale of used cars with illegal money from drug sales to more subtle offenses, such as an importer using trade misinvoicing to evade customs duties, VAT, or income taxes. You can also encounter issues such as a public official using an anonymous shell company to transfer illegal money to a bank account in the United States, certain deposits across borders in foreign banks. According to, “More money flows illegally out of developing and emerging countries each year—facilitated by secrecy in the global financial system—than they receive in foreign direct investment and foreign aid combined.” This clearly poses an issue for legitimate circulation.

With this being the case, it’s rather important to have protection against a wide variety of fraudulence and scams. You might find that relying on various types of bank reconciliation software would improve your chances of security and confidentiality. Not only are your activities private, but you can trust the bank or services you are interacting with. More and more banks and the like are switching over to more reliable platforms so customers can interact with the most efficiency and ease. This includes but isn’t necessarily limited to reliable cloud financial software which faces a general market acceptance. A significant number of companies have taken on this approach and deem it to be a secure and reliable method. Keeping these things in mind will not only improve your chances for security but allow you to make informed financial decisions.

Philosophy: The simultaneous solution

David Birnbaum

David Birnbaum

There are questions that have plagued mankind since the beginning of time: How did we begin? What drives our universe? What is our purpose? Where are we headed?

All the great philosophers have tried to answer these questions: from Aristotle and Plato – to Maimonides and Spinoza. The group of key cosmic questions became known as “Grand Philosophy” or metaphysics. Over the past 100+ years, modern science and philosophy have continued the attempt to find answers, but, again, to no avail. [The current field of cosmology deals with the physics-related and astrophysics-related issues of metaphysics.]

There have been many proposed solutions put forward over the course of the 7,000 or so years of human civilization, but not one proposed solution – to even one of the aforementioned issues – seems to have survived for very long. So are these questions simply unanswerable?

Summa Metaphysica (see detail below) is a 3-volume philosophical work which proposes Potentialism Theory (aka Quest for Potential∞ Theory aka Q4P-Theory). In the work, contemporary conceptual theorist proposes an elegant simultaneous solution to the entire series of hitherto intractable issues. He offers an understandable, concise and original paradigm which basically redefines the way we think about existence and the universe we live in. See

Birnbaum’s simultaneous solution can be encapsulated in one sentence: Infinite Quest for Potential drives the cosmic order. Yeshiva-educated and Harvard-educated Birnbaum is a Manhattan-based independent scholar. His entire powerful paradigm – start-to-finish – is built around the single concept of Potential. Birnbaum posits that Potential is the core of the cosmic order. He then parlays the multi-faceted concept of ‘Potential’ as a philosophical “magic key” to unlock (all) the aforementioned cosmic questions. See

So what exactly is this Theory of Potential? Good question. Working with the core concept, Birnbaum explores many facets of the theme which he discerns: Infinite Potential, the Quest for Potential∞, Potential within Potential (nested potential), the Cosmic Womb of Potential, Divine Potential and the God of Potential. Each avenue is rich and broad. The result, the Theory of Potential.

But what is the crux of his theory? According to Birnbaum “Potentialism proposes that there, indeed, is a protagonist to the cosmic order, but that the protagonist is a ‘quest’ and not a ‘classic entity.’ The universe inexorably quests – on all fronts – for its maximal/optimal potential. The core dynamic Quest for Potential∞ strives with purpose and direction towards ever-greater and higher potential.

At the ‘beginning of time,’ eternal Quest for Potential∞ harnessed the eternal components of the equations of Physics-Mathematics to ignite our universe via the Big Bang. This same symbiotic dynamic – Quest for Potential∞ in league with Physics-Math – then ultimately acted as a catalyst for life, evolution, language, emotion, sexuality, consciousness, and, indeed, for all the key dynamics which have evolved in the universe.”

Birnbaum thus deploys this one original concise concept (Infinite Potential) as his instrument to
crack the Cosmic Code.’ Per Potentialism Theory, this one over-arching dynamic ignited the universe, drives the universe forward, and give the universe direction/meaning.

Per Birnbaum, fulfillment of maximal potential is the end-goal both on a universe-level as well as on an individual level. Per Birnbaum – as well as those who have vetted it over the past quarter-century, the drive towards optimal./maximal potential is consistent across all levels of the universe (macro thru micro level) – and all epochs of the universe (whether at the Big Bang or in the 21st century).

The theory is audacious, yet elegant, concise and powerful. Call it ‘Star Wars’; call it ‘the God-Force’; call it ‘the Universe Force’; call it ‘the Overarching Dynamic’; By whatever name, it is viewed by many as the most powerful cosmology centerpiece ever proposed. Bar none.

Universities as diverse as University of California in Los Angeles, Brandeis in Waltham, Massachussets, and Yeshiva University in New York City have used Birnbaum’s Summa Metaphysica as a philosophy course text. Over 150 articles/testimonials and reviews have focused on Summa Metaphysica and its related Potentialism Theory; 80+ articles in the last 13 months alone. See

Birnbaum’s original Theory of Potential was the subject of a seminal four day international academic conference hosted by Bard College (Upstate NY) in April, 2012 (see which projected the work globally. The theory threatens the entrenched Randomness/Atheist dogma (see

Scientists tend to like their solutions to be elegant and concise (see However, to have the “Holy Grail” of the cosmic order – and the panoply of classic intractable metaphysics questions – possibly solved by just one single term (Infinite Potential) caught them off guard. Both the simultaneous solution aspect of the theory as well as its ‘aesthetic elegance’ aspect, are causing tremors to this day across the global academic community. See

Birnbaum had searched for a ‘simple and lean’ dynamic which he could turbo-charge – because he had conjectured that only such a dynamic could have drawn reality from out of the cosmic void; he had looked for a concept/dynamic which might qualify as ‘eternal’ – because only such a concept could have ‘been around.’; he searched for dynamic with the possibility of projecting infinitely, because only such a dynamic could have brought us from ‘eternal origins’ to this point; he looked for a dynamic which was ‘future-oriented’ for obvious reasons; finally, he looked for a dynamic ‘hiding in plain sight’ – because if this elusive cosmic dynamic was so profound and all-encompassing, it should still permeate the world today.

The metaphysics author David Birnbaum vectored onto Potential as his ‘concept of choice’ in 1982. It fit all his criteria. Six years later Ktav Publishing released Summa Metaphysica I: Religious Man: God & Evil. The work would introduce the concept – infinite quest for potential – onto the world stage.

In his core theme of ‘Potential’ Birnbaum found his elusive dynamic fitting all his criteria. Indeed, it consistently seemed to qualify as bona fide simultaneous solution to the gamut of key issues of metaphysics. See

So to quickly go through our key issues….
# How did we begin? Quest for Potential∞ harnessed… [See]
# What drives our universe? Quest for Potential∞ [See]
# Where are we going? Towards ultimate Potentiality [See]
# What is our purpose? To seek after our maximal potential [See]

As noted, Birnbaum’s first book propounding the theory was published by Ktav in 1988. The Conceptual Theorist hypothesized that everything arises from this one dynamic (potential); our universe, the result of the Big Bang, is now deployed as a platform for ever-fuller actualization of reality and potential.

Birnbaum had posited that via a symbiotic relationship with the eternal equations of Physics and Math, a de facto supra-force of Infinite Potential ignites our cosmic order. The religious may choose to refer to this dynamic as God. The author leaves the option open.

Birnbaum’s daring hypothesis (1988, 2005 and 2014) wraps-around that of MIT Professor Seth Lloyd who, in his 2006 book Programming the Universe, also pivots his own theory on the equations of Physics-Math. His theory is that the cosmos repeatedly iterates information and (mechanistically) advances towards greater complexity. The Lloyd theory dovetails with Summa-theory. See

Birnbaum supporters are quick to point out that Lloyd’s hypothesis provides a 1:1 parallel from a prominent scientist at the world’s #1-rated university, MIT. Quantum physicist Lloyd provides a scientific mechanism to play-out Binbaum’s metaphysical Theory of Potential. “Outsider” conceptual theorist Birnbaum’s metaphysical theory thus wraps-around the quantum physics mechanism proposed by a leading ‘insider.’ Lloyd is currently the Director of MIT’s Center for Extreme Quantum Information Theory. See

In November 2012, Professor of Biology and Ecology, Andrei Alyokhin of the University of Maine offered direct and forthright support: “Providing a modern and original approach to answering millennia-old questions, Birnbaum’s Summa Metaphysica represents a bold attempt to formulate a unifying concept of the Universe….It is reasonable to propose his Quest for Potential∞ as a working hypothesis for explaining the impetus behind the cosmic dynamic.” See

Of course there’s opposition to Birnbaum’s Summa Metaphysica, especially from the politically entrenched academic community in England which advocates Randomness/atheism. This hard-line atheistic academic group believes the entire cosmos happened merely by chance, without any direction, purpose or form. According to this group, the billions of galaxies, the trillions of stars, life, emotion and consciousness are all simply cosmic accidents, happenstance. Since the Theory of Potential challenges the very core of their beliefs, the atheist group views Birnbaum’s theory as a ‘lethal threat.’ At the same time, Summa supporters view the entire Randomness schema as a non-starter and as bereft of palatability or science.

Needless to say, the British academic hierarchy was not too happy when Oliver Burkeman, an erudite British journalist who writes about Philosophy and Science, wrote in November 2013, that Birnbaum’s theory was “not unscientific” and, cited iconoclast Claude Levi-Strauss who hailed Summa (in 2006) as “remarkable and profound.” As well, Burkeman found Birnbaum’s theory of a “purpose driven universe” to dovetail with iconic Aristotle as well as with contemporary philosopher Thomas Nagel. NYU Professor Nagel’s 2012 Mind and Cosmos also takes on the Randomness/atheist ‘entrenched orthodoxy.’

Since originally introduced in 1988, Potentialism Theory (aka Quest for Potential∞ Theory aka Q4P-Theory), offering a “simultaneous solution” has collected strong academic support from many distinguished quarters. Louis Dupré, Professor of Religious Studies at Yale University, called it an “original…highly modern insight…a unified metaphysics”; Joseph Dan, Professor of Kabbalah at Hebrew University in Jerusalem cited Summa I as “a major work…a great intellectual and spiritual effort.” No flaw has been discerned in the Theory of Potential since it was introduced onto the world stage in November 1988.

Agreeing with the great Albert Einstein who famously observed that “God does not play dice with the universe,” conceptual theorist Birnbaum rejects Randomness in favor of the tradition of Aristotle who also hypothesized that the universe had direction and purpose. (Aristotle was stuck, however, as to what that purpose was.) To Birnbaum, the overall cosmic purpose is to quest for its multiplicity of potentials. Birnbaum takes these general observations of Aristotle and Einstein and creates a very concrete, focused, sophisticated paradigm of a Cosmic Order focused on realizing maximum potential.

The beauty of being able to describe complex theory in one word “potential” meets Birnbaum’s (and the scientific community’s) requirements that a solution be elegant, concise and efficient.
Potentialist Birnbaum provides us with a philosophy for life, a cosmic anchoring if you will, on which we can hinge our world view and find the elusive simultaneous solution to the entire series of those age-old questions.

Over 50,000 volumes of the various Summa books are in circulation; the complete 3-volume work is available gratis on the book’s site in flip-book form – aside from conventional options for the softcover and electronic versions.

Recent hi-level academic works dovetailing with Birnbaum’s Theory of Potential include:
Programming the Universe (Knopf, 2006) by Professor of Quantum Mechanics Seth Lloyd of MIT; Mind & Cosmos (Oxford Press, 2012) by Professor of Philosophy & Law Thomas Nagel of NYU; Our Mathematical Universe (Knopf, 2014) by Professor of Physics Max Tegmark of MIT.

Potentialism Theory: The Summa series

Summa Metaphysica I: Religious Man: God and Evil (Ktav, November 1988);
Summa Metaphysica II: Spiritual Man: God and Good (New Paradigm Matrix, March 2005);
Summa Metaphysica III: Secular Man: The Transcendent Dynamic (New Paradigm Matrix, January 2014).

Potentialism Theory: Paradigm Challenge
Via his revolutionary (true) Theory of Everything (see David Birnbaum has instigated a global paradigm challenge (see ).

Birnbaum himself is either the author or the editor-in-chief of several important and noteworthy series (see on philosophy, history and spirituality. His New Paradigm Matrix publishing platform has over 180 thought leaders globally under its umbrella.